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Newly Opened Trails Trekking.

Api Nampa Conservation Area (ANCA) (Figure 1) is newly established conservations area of Nepal. It is established in 2010 and located between N29°30' to N30°15' and E80°22' to E81°09', in the Far-Western Development Region of Nepal.

It occupies an area of 1903 km2 and encompasses the 21 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Darchula viz. Aairkot, Bramhadev, Byaas, Chhapre, Dhari, Dhaulakot, Ghusa, Guljar, Hikila, Huti, Katai, Khandeswori, Khar, Latinath, Piparchauri, Rapla, Seri, Sitola, Sipti, Sunsera and Tapoban and ranges in altitude from 539 to 7132 metres above sea level. ANCA is delineated by Bajhang District in the east, the Mahakali River (which borders India) in the west, the border with Tibet, China to the north and Lasku and Naugaad Khola to the south (ANCA, 2013).

Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), blue sheep (Pseudois nayur), grey langur (Semnopithecus entellus), jackal (Canis aureus), grey wolf (Canis lupus), Himalayan black bear (Ursus thibetanus), red panda (Ailurus fulgens), snow leopard (Uncia uncia), musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) and Himalayan goral (Naemorhedus goral) are some of the mammals found in the area. The local climate is generally characterized by high rainfall and humidity. However, the climatic conditions of ANCA vary widely with elevation from subtropical to alpine. Within the elevation range of 1800 to 6500 meters there are limited subtropical valleys in the south, as most of the area is ecologically temperate or high-land. A cold, generally dry climate exists in the high alpine valleys just north of the southern arm of the Himalaya that cuts across southern Darchula.

In the north, most of the region remains under snow and has an alpine climate, whereas the mid-hills are of a temperate type. The average maximum temperature is 18.6°C and the minimum temperature is 7.7°C. Average rainfall is 2129 mm. All areas experience very high rainfall, with estimates of between 125-350 mm over a 24 hour period (ANCA, 2013)

Newly open trails